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Technical publications

Technical publications

Want to know more about our technical publicaitons ? Our teams have published technical documents related to the behavior of our steel grades in various industrial media in order to help you with your material selection.

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Application specific technical publications
Bridge
  • Stainless steels for application to bridge construction _ A technical and economical comparison with carbon steel
    P. Toussaint, JP Audouard, P. Soulignac and B. Vincent – International Bridge Conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, June 14-16, 2004
  • Atmospheric corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steels: results of a field exposure program
    C. Lojewski, Duplex 2010
Fertilizers
  • Special austenitic and duplex stainless steels for urea production
    Desestret, JP. Audouard, V. Cihal – ACHEMA 1985, Frankfurt, Germany – Up-dated in 1996
  • Selection of stainless steels for use in phosphoric acid plants, new trends and experience
    JP. Audouard, M. Verneau, M. Barloy, W. Shelton – AIChE Symposium, May 28-28, 1999, Clearwater, FL, USA
  • Corrosion performance and cost effectiveness of superduplex UR 52N+ stainless steel in phosporic acid
    JP. Audouard, M. Verneau – AFA 13th International Technical Annual Conference, Tunis, 27-30 June 2000
  • Corrosion resistant materials for acid storage in the phosphoric acid industry
    J-P. Audouard, C. Dernoncourt,J. Peultier, J. Grocki, M. Barloy – AIChE Symposium, Clearwater, FL, USA, 15-17 June 2001
  • Duplex stainless steels for storage, handling and transportation of industrial phosphoric acid : Technical & Economical investigations
    J.P Audouard, M. Verneau, C. Dernoncourt, M. Barloy – AFA 14th Int. Annual Technical Conf., Alexandria, Egypt, 25-27 June 2001
  • Special stainless steels for storage, handling and transportation of mineral acids in the fertilizer industry
    JP. Audouard – AFA, 15th International Annual Technical Conference, EAU, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 2002
  • Corrosion resistance of superduplex grade UR52N+ in phosphoric acid
    J. Peultier, S. Jacques, J.C. Gagnepain, P. Soulignac and X. Wang – 2nd international Duplex Conference, Beijing, 22-24 November 2006
Gas Treatment
  • Improving the safety of pressure equipments : some examples of the use of QT steels
    P.Bocquet, P.Bourges, L.Coudreuse and A.Gingell – ESOPE 2004
  • Heavy forged-rolled plates for tubesheets: flexible solution
    C.Chauvy, G.Masson, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint, D.Cardamone, P.Bourges – ESOPE 2007
  • Recent experience on sour service resistant steels behavior
    N.Loukachenko, P.Bourges, P.Toussaint, C.Chauvy, L.Coudreuse, K.Orie – EUROCORR 2009
LNG
  • Challenges, properties and features of 9% nickel steel plates for LNG storage and transport: towards ultra-large designs
    P.Toussaint, S.Pillot, C.Chauvy – LNG 15 – 2007
  • 9% Nickel steel for FLNG storage tanks – A key enabling technology
    P.Toussaint – GASTECH 2009
Oil & Gas Industry
  • Weldable supermartensitic stainless steels: Sulfide stress cracking resistance of welded joints
    L. Coudreuse, M. Verneau, C. Lojewski, B. Bonnefois, J.J. Dufrane – Eurocorr Conference,London, England, September 10-14, 2000
  • CRA´s alloys for Oil & Gas Environments : from Martensitic Stainless Steels to Ni base alloys
    Lionel Coudreuse, Jean-Pierre Audouard, Pierre Soulignac, Jean-Jacques Dufrane, Patrick Toussaint, EUROCORR conference, Riva del Garda, Italy, 30 Sept-4 Oct 2001
  • Lean duplex stainless steels for oil and gas applications
    L.Coudreuse, V.Ligier, J. P. Audouard and P. Soulignac – NACE 2003, San Diego, USA, 2003
  • An update on the use of duplex stainless steels in sour environments
    S. Le Manchet, Corrosion Nace 2012
Pollution Control
  • Metallic answers for FGD systems
    J. Charles, J.P Audouard, M. Verneau – Corrosion NACE 1998, San Diego, USA, March, 1998
  • Corrosion performance and field experience with superduplex and superaustenitic stainless steels in FGD systems
    JP. Audouard, M. Verneau, J. Grocki – Corrosion NACE 2000, Orange County Convention Center, Orlando, Florida, USA, March 26-31, 2000
  • Corrosion resistance of duplex and super duplex stainless steels for wet flue gas desulphurization
    J. Peultier, F. Barrau, JC Gagnepain, JP Audouard – Power plant air pollutant control “Mega” Symposium 2006, Baltimore, MD, USA, August 31th 2006
  • Materials selection in wet flue gas desulphurization systems
    J. Peultier, P. Soulignac – DeSOX DeNOx China 2006 Conference, Beijing, September 6-7 2006
  • Corrosion resistance of duplex and super duplex stainless steels for Air Pollution Control Systems
    J. Peultier, F. Barrau, JP Audouard – Corrosion Nace 2005, Houston, TX, USA, April 1-7 2005
  • Duplex and super duplex stainless steels for Air Pollution Control Systems
    J. Peultier, B. Bonnefois, JP Audouard – AIRPOL 2004 (Air Pollution Control Seminar), Washington, D.C., August 29 2004
  • Corrosion Resistance of 6Mo super-Austenitic Stainless Steel UNS S31266 for Process Industries
    S. Le Manchet, Corrosion NACE 2013
  • Corrosion risks and metallic solutions for MOC in air pollution control system
    S. Le Manchet, Duplex Beaune 2010
Power Generation
  • Estimation of CTOD in the case of very thick plates by knowing CVN value at a given temperature
    S.Pillot, S.Corre, C.Chauvy, P.Toussaint – PVP2010 – July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA
  • Heavy forged-rolled plates for tubesheets: flexible solution
    C.Chauvy, G.Masson, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint, D.Cardamone, P.Bourges – ESOPE 2007
  • Thick plates in grade 91 for fourth generation nuclear reactors
    S.Pillot, Z.Zhao, S.Corre, C.Chauvy, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint – PVP 2010 – July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA
  • Thick plates in grade 92 for high temperature service
    S.Pillot, P.Bourges, C.Chauvy, A.Allard, P.Toussaint – ESOPE 2007
Pulp and Paper Industry
  • Duplex Stainless Steels for Tanks in the Pulp & Paper Industry
    J-P. Audouard, S. Clarke, Fred Munro – 10 th International Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp & Paper Industry, Helsinki, Finland, August 21-24, 2001
  • Duplex stainless steel : an effective material for use in Kraft liquor applications
    Jean-Pierre Audouard, John Grocki – TAPPI Eng. Conf., San Antonio,Tx, USA, September 16-20, 2001
Refining – Petrochemical
  • Consequences of PWHT requirements on service properties for petrochemical grades
    C.Chauvy, L.Coudreuse and P.Bourges – IIW Graz 2008
  • Consideration of thermal ageing phenomenae of the big pressure vessels in petroleum refineries
    P.Bocquet, P.Bourges, L.Coudreuse – ESOPE 2004
  • Creep behavior of Cr-Mo-(V) steels and their welds metallurgical and environment aspects – Extrapolation laws
    P.Balladon, P.Bourges, S.Pillot and A.Gingell – ICPVT July 7-10, 2003, Vienna, Austria
  • Effect of ageing and hydrogen on fracture mechanics and CVN properties of 2.25Cr 1Mo steel grades – Application to MPT issues
    S.Pillot, P.Bourges, C.Chauvy, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint, K.Orie -NACE 2009
  • Effect of hydrogen on mechanical behavior for 2.25Cr 1Mo steel grades (Standard and vanadium added)
    S.Pillot, P.Bourges, G.Masson, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint – NACE 2008
  • Effect of temper and hydrogen embrittlement on fracture mechanics and CVN properties of 2.25cR1Mo steel grades – Application to minimum pressurizing temperature (MPT) issues
    S.Pillot, P.Bourges, C.Chauvy, S.Corre, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint – ESOPE 2010
  • Estimation of CTOD in the case of very thick plates by knowing CVN value at a given temperature
    S.Pillot, S.Corre, C.Chauvy, P.Toussaint – PVP 2010 – July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA
  • Heavy forged-rolled plates for tubesheets: flexible solution
    C.Chauvy, G.Massson, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint, D.Cardamone, P.Bourges – ESOPE 2007
  • Hydrogen induced disbonding: from laboratory tests to actual field conditions
    L.Coudreuse, S.Pillot, P.Bourges, A.Gingell – NACE 2005
  • Optimisation of ISR and PWHT of CrMoV steels
    S.Pillot, P.Balladon, P. Bourges – Industeel A.Bertoni – Air Liquide Welding – ETC M.Clerge, C.Boucher – Institut de Soudure ESOPE 2004
  • Potential detrimental consequences of excessive PWHT on pressure vessel steel properties
    C.Chauvy, L.Coudreuse, P.Toussaint – PVP July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA
  • Prevention of weld metal reheat cracking during Cr-Mo-V heavy reactors fabrication
    C.Chauvy, S.Pillot – PVP 2009 – July 26-30, 2009, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Toughness problems in steel welded joints during fabrication and service for thick components
    P.Bourges, C.Chauvy, S.Pillot – IIW Graz 2008
Sea water
  • New generation high alloyed austenitic stainless steel for seawater systems : UR B66
    JP. Audouard, JC. Gagnepain, J. Charles – European Workshop on Sea Water Corrosion, Trondheim, Norway, November 1995
  • Comportement des aciers inoxydables spéciaux dans l´eau de mer naturelle ou traitée
    M. Verneau, JP. Audouard – Cetim, Nantes, France, 1998
  • Crevice corrosion of duplex stainless steels in natural and chlorinated seawater
    P. Boillot, Duplex 2010
  • New trends in selection of metallic material for desalination industry
    P. Boillot, IDA 2009
  • Crevice corrosion performance of high alloy stainless steels and Ni-Based alloy in desalination industry
    P. Boillot, IDA Tianjin 2013
Stainless steel markets
  • Use of stainless steel in the industry: recent and future developments
    P. Boillot, Symphos 2013
Storage and Transportation
  • Duplex stainless steels for chemical and product ship transportation
    JP. Audouard, C. Dernoncourt, G. Schweitzer, B. Vincent – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Life cycle cost evaluation of carbon steels, austenitic and duplex stainless steels for storage tanks
    J.P Audouard, C. Dernoncourt – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Duplex stainless steels for tanks
    JP. Audouard, J. Grocki – NACE 2002, Denver, USA, 2002
  • Duplex stainless steels for chemical tankers
    S. Jacques, J. Peultier, JC Gagnepain, B. Vincent, X. Wang – 2nd international Duplex conference, Beijing, 22-24 November 2006
  • Resistance to Stress Corrosion Cracking of duplex Stainless Steels
    S. Le Manchet, Corrosion NACE 2013
Water Industry
  • Corrosion resistance of stainless steels in fresh and chlorinated water
    J. Peultier, JP Audouard, I. Chessa, V. Baudu – Journées Techniques COECOR, Biarritz, France, Octobre 2001
  • Using duplex stainless steels to improve the reliability of water pipes
    JP. Audouard, C. Dernoncourt, J. Peultier – Stainless Steel World America, Houston, USA, 12-14 February 2002
  • Using duplex stainless steel to improve the reliability of water tanks
    JP Audouard and J. Peultier – STORAGE Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, May 12-13, 2004
  • Influence of acidity and NaOCl concentration on the corrosion resistance of stainless steels in chlorinated water
    S. Jacques, J. Peultier, V. Baudu and JP Audouard – CEOCOR Conference, Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg, 30 May – 2 June, 2006
  • 2-year exposure of stainless steels and other commonly used materials in a pilot simulating a natural drinking water network: a biofilm development study,
    P. Boillot, CeoCor 2010,
  • Lean duplex UNS S32202 a new stainless steel for drinking water applications
    P. Boillot, CeoCor, 2009
  • Corrosion resistance of stainless steel pipes and plates buried in various types of soil
    P. Boillot, Duplex World 2010
Material specific publications
Mold Steels
  • Development of a new prehardened mold steel with improved machining, welding polishing and conducting capacities
    Corre, Le Calvez, Mabelly, Chenou, Beguinot – 5th international Conference on tooling, Leoben, 1999
  • Super Plast: new weldable grades for plastic injection mold steel
    Chenou, Beguinot, Cadiou – International Conference on design and production of Dies and Molds, Istanbul, 1997
Stainless Steels – Clad Plates
  • Développement des tôles plaquées pour appareils à pression
    L. Coudreuse, J.C. Gagnepain, G. Schweitzer, J. Charles – AFIAP 1998, Paris, France, 1998
  • Production and applications of superaustenitic stainless steels clad plates
    L. Coudreuse , J.P. Audouard, J. Charles – Eurocorr Conference, London, England, September 10-14, 2000
Stainless Steels – Duplex and super duplex (austenitic-ferritic steels)
  • Some duplex applications : test results and practical experience
    J. Charles, M. Verneau, JP. Audouard, S. Demars – Stainless Steel World conference, La Haye, NL, November 16, 1999
  • Progrès dans la mise en œuvre des aciers inoxydables duplex et super duplex
    B.Bonnefois, O. Gardet, G.Passot – Journées spécialisées du CACEMI, Paris, France, 27 octobre 1999
  • A-TIG welding of the superduplex stainless steel UR 52N+
    F. Olivier, H. Mourton, B. Bonnefois, G. Passot, G. Saindrenan, R. Saïdov – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Welding superduplex stainless steels with Ni base filler materials : Innovation in the consumables and industrial experience
    B. Bonnefois, J. Charles, L. Coudreuse – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Fatigue and Corrosion-fatigue behaviour in duplex stainless steels
    L. Coudreuse, J. Charles – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Application of superduplex UR52N+ in chemical industries
    M. Verneau, JP Audouard, B. Bonnefois – Duplex Stainless Steels World conference, Venise, Italy, 2000
  • Tungsten addition in superduplex stainless steel: influence on structural stability and properties
    L. Coudreuse, M. Verneau, B. Bonnefois – 4th European Stainless Steel Science & Market, Paris, France, 2002
Stainless Steels – Duplex and super duplex (austenitic-ferritic steels)
  • Investigations on standard corrosion test for quality control of lean duplex stainless steels
    P. Boillot, Duplex World 2010
  • Lean Duplex UR2202 an alternative to 304L with increased corrosion resistance and mechanical properties
    P. Boillot, Stainless Steel World 2008
Stainless Steels – Superaustenitic
  • New filler materials for welding high nitrogen superaustenitic stainless steels
    B. Bonnefois, R. Cozar, A. Bruyere – Stainless Steel 99 Science & Market Chia Laguna, 1999
  • Some superaustenitic applications : test results and practical experiences
    S. Demars, M. Verneau, B. Bonnefois, J. Charles – Stainless Steel World conference, La Haye, NL, November 16, 1999
  • Advanced 6Mo Stainless Steels for Process Industry
    J. Peultier, B. Bonnefois, L. Coudreuse, JP Audouard and P. Soulignac – Corrosion Nace, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, March 28 – April 1, 2004
Stainless Steels – Supermartensitic
  • Weldable supermartensitic stainless steels: sulfide stress cracking resistance of welded joints
    L. Coudreuse, M. Verneau, C. Lojewski, B. Bonnefois, J.J. Dufrane – Eurocorr Conference,London, England, September 10-14, 2000
Tool Steels
  • Milling of hardened tool steels; the influence of different materials and hardnesses on the tool wear
    Gunnarson, Le Calvez – 5th international Conference on tooling, Leoben, 1999